AM
Animated Mathematics

# Intersection of line and Parabola Investigation

The intersection of the line y=mx-5 and quadratic graph can be investigated below. For two special m values the line touches the quadratic graph i.e. there is only one intersection point; can you find these special m values? .

## The Analytic Solution

The special line gradients for which the line touches the parabola can be found analytically i.e. no need to experiment by plotting many lines. You may have noticed that when the discriminant=0 there is only one solution; and in this problem only one intersection point.

The line has gradient m :

y=mx-5

At the intersection point(s):

x2-8x+19=mx-5

rearranging the equation:

x2-(m+8)x+24=0

The above equation is then compared with the general form of the quadratic equation y=ax2+bx+c we find that, a=1, b=-(m+8) , and c=24 . When the discriminant b2-4ac=0 there is only one solution i.e. only one intersection point, and the line touches the quadratic equation. The discriminant is a function of m and we solve m this is unusual but it is correct. We need find the m value so that b2-4ac=0 :

(m+8)2-96=0

(m+8)2=96

taking the square root of both sides:

m+8=±√(96)

m=-8±√(96)

The two m values rounded to 3 decimal places are then m=1.798 and m=-17.798 .

## Conclusion

When the discrimant b2-4ac>0 the quadratic equation has two solutions. When the discriminant b2-4ac<0 the quadratic equation has no solutions, and when the discriminant b2-4ac=0 , there is only one solution.